Compulsory state funded education for the masses was not introduced until the end of the 19th century. Before the School Boards were set up in 1870, the only option for working class children to receive any form of schooling was by either attending a charity school which was generally run by the local parish and funded by charitable bequests, donations and subscriptions from parishioners, or by attending a Ragged School. The children of the minority that could afford it, the upper and middle classes, received their education at home or at a public school or academy.

St George the Martyr school 2

Edric Bayley, Newcomen's Education Foundation in the Paris of St Saviour, (1913)
Bogan, Bernard The Great Link: A History of St George's Cathedral, Southwark 1786 - 1958,London 1958
C Greenwood, A Report upon the Property and Income of the Christchurch Southwark Parochial School Trust (1888)
H E Malden (Ed),A History of the County of Surrey Vol 4, (1912). Accessed from British History Online ( accessed July 2011
William Rendle, Old Southwark and its People(1878)
Sir Howard Roberts and Walter H. Godfrey (eds), Survey of London, Vol 22(1950)
Ida Darlington (ed), Survey of London, Vol 25 (1955)
Ruth Silverstre and Sylvia Morris,Cathedral Children(2004)
(Sylvia Morris' notes for above held in Southwark Local Studies Library also consulted - with thanks)
Robert Wilkinson,London Illustrata (1819-1825) (

Commissioners on the Education of the Poor, First Report (1819)
Schools of St George the Martyr(1876) (Fund raising leaflet)
St George the Martyr Southwark: Church Day Schools. Programme of the 250th Aniversary Celebations, 1948 (accessed 23 July 2011)